Cities and Urban Land Use Key Terms
- Urbanized population: The number of people living in cities.
- Urbanization: The process by which people live and are employed in a city.
- Nucleated form of settlement: The type of settlement typical of urban areas in which the settlement is closely grouped around a central area of development.
- Core area: The center area of development.
- Dispersed form of settlement: The type of settlement typical of rural areas, in which houses are far apart.
- Threshold: The minimum number of people needed to meet the needs of an industry.
- Commercialization: The selling of goods and services for profit.
- Basic industry: A large industry that moves into a city and helps form the city.
- Non-basic industries: Secondary city-serving industries that are established after a city’s basic industry.
- Employment structure: The way in which most workers are employed within a city. This structure typically moves from industrial to tertiary to quaternary activities.
- Post-industrial city: A city that specializes in information-based work.
- Deindustrialization: A city’s shift toward more specialized quaternary sector economic activities.
- Underemployment: A situation that occurs when too many employees are hired and there is not enough work for all of them.