# ACT Reading: Roman Numeral Questions

Few ACT Reading question types pose as many challenges as the Roman numeral type. Roman numeral questions are especially difficult because you’ll have to identify whether a reading passage contains the details asked in the questions. Since these questions are extremely difficult, it’s crucial that you find enough time for test prep. Take a look at the following tips for this question type and a sample problem below.

### How to Tackle Roman Numeral Questions

• #### Read the passage before looking at the question

Since you’ll be asked multiple questions for each passage, make sure you read the entire passage before looking at a single question. Reading the questions first may mislead you when reading the passage.

• #### Take notes

You have plenty of room in your test booklet to take notes. Make sure you outline main ideas, key points, and any transitions from one idea to another. Transitions or additional supporting evidence will be especially important for Roman numeral questions.

• #### Check to see if each Roman numeral detail is in the passage

Roman numeral questions will ask you to identify if one or more details is in a particular passage. Ensure that you verify and/or eliminate each of the three Roman numerals. After you do this, you’ll be able to find the correct answer choice.

Keeping these three tips in mind, let’s check out a sample Roman numeral question:

Now, we have to figure out if I, II, and III are ways fertilization occurs according to the passage. Can parts of the same flower fertilize itself? In the fourth paragraph, there’s mention of “self-fertilization,” so it appears a flower can fertilize itself. Can parts of different flowers fertilize each other? Yes, they can, either with the help of the wind (paragraph 2) or with the help of insects (paragraphs 3 and 4). Since both I and II are ways fertilization can occur, we can eliminate both A and B as the correct answers. Now, can fertilization occur between parts of different species? Remember that the passage has to state this fact, and it doesn’t. It mentions insects going flower to flower, but it doesn’t say that the flowers are different species. That means the correct answer is C) I and II.

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